DIY HYDROPONIC SYSTEMS

Vertical Hydroponics DIY

Vertical PVC pipes hydroponic system

This vertical hydroponics DIY section will cover some of the systems we covered in our Vertical Hydroponics systems designs article, but we will be realistic about what you would want to make and can realistically make for a home system. We cover Stacked Vertical Hydroponic DIY Systems as well as Vertical Tower Systems.

 

Need more info? Take a step back and learn more about the system or check out some other NFT designs before you jump in to start your build.

 

 

Stacked Vertical Hydroponics DIY Systems

Stacked NFT System

We cover this system build in the Nutrient Film Technique Build article. The only difference here is we stack 2 more systems on top of the original one. You can either make them 3 separate systems, each with its own reservoir, or you can tie all the supply lines together and the drain lines together and use a reservoir that is 3x larger. The benefit of 3 separate systems allows you to experiment with the pH and EC levels when growing different veggies in each system.

 

For example, if you have a 25-gallon reservoir then you will need a 75-gallon reservoir for this Vertical Hydroponics DIY system (25-gallons x 3 systems= 75 gallons).

 

As a general rule, you will want to use 1 gallon of water per plant in your reservoir ideally so that you don’t have rapid pH and EC swings or changes.

Vertical Hydroponics DIY - Vertically Stacked NFT System,
Vertical Hydroponics DIY – Vertically Stacked NFT System, GrowWithoutSoil.com

 

 

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Vertical Hydroponics Designs

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Build this system

 

Install your Accessories

Set up your system

 

 

 

Stacked Wall System

Vertical Hydroponics DIY - Vertical Wall System,
Vertical Hydroponics DIY – Vertical Wall System, GrowWithoutSoil.com

 

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Vertical Hydroponics Designs

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Build this system

 

Install your Accessories

Set up your system

 

 

 

Stacked Dutch or Bato Bucket System

This system build is covered in the Dutch Bucket System Build. Here, we stack 2 more rows like a set of bleachers. The nutrient water is pumped into the top of each of the highest buckets. Then it drains out of the bottom of each container into the top of the lower Dutch bucket, finally returning to the reservoir.  You can either make them 3 separate systems or run the drain lines all back to one larger reservoir. 

 

Vertical Hydroponics DIY - Dutch Bucket System
Vertical Hydroponics DIY – Dutch Bucket System, GrowWithoutSoil.com

 

 

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Vertical Hydroponics Designs

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Build this system

 

Install your Accessories

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A-Frame System

Vertical Hydroponics DIY - A-Frame System
Vertical Hydroponics DIY – A-Frame System, GrowWithoutSoil.com

 

 

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Vertical Hydroponics Designs

Buy this system

Build this system

 

Install your Accessories

Set up your system

 

 

 

Zig Zag System

The Zig Zag Vertical Hydroponics DIY Build packs a lot of plants in a very small space. if you have just a small space in the kitchen or dining room, this may the build for you!

Vertical Hydroponics DIY - Zig Zag System,
Vertical Hydroponics DIY – Zig Zag System, GrowWithoutSoil.com

 

Materials

Main System Components

  • You will first need to Build or Buy a shelf for your NFT System.
  • Reservoir ( choose 1 of the following options)
    • (2) 17-25 gallon Totes Containers with lids
    • (2) 17-25 gallon Storage Containers with lids
  • 12 – 4.625″ x 6′ NFT tray sections (The length will depend on your garden design and location. Most manufacture will limit the shipping length to 6′ sections, They make a coupler piece to join trays to make longer sections but they are a pain to work with and if not done perfectly, will leak)
  • 12 – 4.625″ x 6′ Tray Top Covers  (You can get these with either 7 or 8 square holes per 6′ section. the spacing will depend on what you plan to grow)
  • 12 – End Caps with Spout
  • 12 – End Caps

 

General Plumbing

  • Return line
    • (1) 10’ section of 2” PVC pipe
    • (1) 2” PVC end cap
    • (1) 2” 90 degree PVC fittings
  • Supply line
    • (1) water pump with standard hose fitting on the outlet
    • (1) water pump filter
    • (1) 2’ section of garden hose (not clear hose)
    • (2) 10’ sections of 1” PVC pipe
    • (1) 1” PVC end cap
    • (3) 1” 90 degree PVC fittings
    • (4) 1” T  PVC fittings
    • (4) 1” valves
    • (5) 1” nipple fittings (glue in type)
    • (4) 16” sections of black ¼” hose

 

 

Tools

  • Circular saw, preferably a power miter saw (with a plastic or plywood blade)
  • Drill or Cordless Drill
  • Razer knife
  • 2-1/8” hole saw
  • 1” drill bit or hole saw
  • ¼” drill bit

 

 

Instructions

If you plan to make your own Table structure

  • Cut the following sections of 2” PVC pipe
    • (6) 30” sections
    • (6) 18” sections
    • (4) 10’ sections (check that they are actually full length from the store)
    • (4) 36” sections
    • (4) 24” sections

 

  • Glue 2”  T  PVC fittings as follows
    • Diagram here

 

  • Glue 2″ Schedule 40 PVC Side Outlet Elbow as follows
    • Diagram here

Reservoirs

  • Clean and Place 17-25 gallon Containers with lids
  • Drill holes in the lid as follows
    • (1) 2-1/8” hole (for nutrient solution return pipe)
    • (1) 1” hole (for nutrient solution supply hose)
    • (1) 1/4” hole (for air hose)

NFT trays/channels

  • Place 10’ sections of NFT channel as follows
  • Glue NFT channel dead end caps
  • Glue NFT channel 1” pipe end caps

General plumbing

  • Return line
    • CUT the following sections of 2” PVC pipe
      • (1) 18” section
      • (1) 24” section
    • Drill the following holes in one 18” section of 2” PVC pipe
      • (4) 2-1/8” holes
    • Glue 2” PVC end cap
    • Glue 2” 90 degree PVC fitting
  • Supply line
    • Place water pump with standard hose fitting on the outlet in the active reservoir
    • Attach water pump filter
    • Attach 2’ section of garden hose to pump outlet
    • Cut the following sections of 1” PVC pipe
      • (1) 10’ section
      • (1) 18” section
      • (1) 12” section
      • (1) 6” section

 

  • Glue 1” PVC end cap
  • Glue 1” 90 degree PVC fittings
  • Glue 1” T  PVC fittings
  • Glue 1” valves
  • Glue 1” nipple fittings (glue in type)
  • Attach 16” sections of black ¼” hose

 

 

Learn more 

Vertical Hydroponics Designs

Buy this system

Build this system

 

Install your Accessories

Set up your system

 

 

 

Vertical Tower Systems

Zip Grow System

Vertical Hydroponics DIY - Zip Grow System
Vertical Hydroponics DIY – Zip Grow System, GrowWithoutSoil.com

 

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Vertical Hydroponics Designs

Buy this system

Build this system

 

Install your Accessories

Set up your system

 

 

 

DIY Vertical Garden Tower

Vertical Hydroponics DIY - Garden Tower
Vertical Hydroponics DIY – Garden Tower, GrowWithoutSoil.com

 

 

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Vertical Hydroponics Designs

Buy this system

Build this system

 

Install your Accessories

Set up your system

 

 

 

DIY PVC Pipe System

Vertical Hydroponics DIY - PVC pipe Fittings,
 Vertical Hydroponics DIY – PVC pipe Fittings, GrowWithoutSoil.com

 

 

Learn more 

Vertical Hydroponics Designs

Buy this system

Build this system

 

Install your Accessories

Set up your system

 

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Bobby

Bobby

HI! I'm Bobby, an entrepreneur, inventor, green builder and urban farmer. I've been a custom home builder since a kid and an avid gardener. The critters, bugs and climate outside our new home forced me to check out some new ideas in gardening. I found out about Hydroponics and have spent years learning the best techniques to build the best, most efficient, home hydroponics systems. I built one of the first ever, small scale, mobile hydroponic systems. Would you like to know how I did it?